Rabbit is the general name of all the genera of the family Rabbit, order rabbit, mammals.
Rabbits have long tubular ears. Having a tufted short tail and strong hind legs much longer than the forelimbs. There are 43 species in 9 genera. Most species are found in eastern and southern Asia, Africa, and North America.
A few species are found in Europe and South America. Some of these species are widespread or introduced to many areas, while many are very localized.
The body type classification can be divided into a large rabbit, a medium rabbit, and a small rabbit. Large rabbits weigh between 5 and 8 kg (with a few exceeding 8 kg). Medium rabbits weigh about 2 ~ 4 kg. Small rabbits weigh about two kilograms or less.
Generally speaking, the rabbit body can be divided into heads and neck, trunk, limbs, and tail four parts. The body surface has the effect of heat preservation. Hair color is mostly white, black, gray, off-white, taupe, and yellow gray.
Rabbits have incisors for cutting food and molars for grinding food. The rabbit's tail is short and fuzzy, it will be up, like a ball, and very cute. The rabbit's forelimbs are shorter than the hind limbs, which is advantageous for jumping.
A rabbit is a timid animal, sudden noises, strangers, and strange animals, such as dogs and cats will make it panic. In breeding management, one should try to avoid causing rabbit panic sounds, at the same time prohibit strangers and cats and dogs into the rabbit house.
The rabbit has an acute sense of hearing and a sensitive sense of smell, but it is timid and can run quickly.
Its home is usually full of holes to hide from enemies. In winter they only follow their tracks back.
The color of a rabbit's eyes is determined by the pigments in its body. Because of the rabbit's genetic variation, its body does not contain any pigment.
So their eyes are transparent so that they can see the capillaries inside. In other words, the red color of a rabbit's eye is the color of blood in its veins. We're just looking at the color of the rabbit's capillaries, not the color of the rabbit's eyeballs.
According to research, all the domestic rabbit varieties in the world originated from the wild cave rabbit in Europe, through the domestication and breeding of wild cave rabbits.
The oldest records of cave rabbits date back to 1100 BC, when the Phoenicians, traveling through North Africa and southern Europe, reached the Spanish Peninsula and discovered an unexpected species of wild cave rabbit.
Ancient scholars believe that the cave rabbit first appeared in Spain, and then gradually spread from Spain to North Africa and southern Europe, distributed throughout Europe.
The wild cave rabbit in Europe evolved into the domestic rabbit and went through a process of domestication. According to German zoologist Hans Nachtshain. In Europe, the domestication of the rabbit was first carried out in France in the 16th century.