Health is not just the absence of disease or infirmity, but the complete state of physical, mental and social adaptation. Of all the factors that affect health, lifestyle is the most controllable and influential factor. Everyone has a responsibility to maintain their own health and that of others, and a healthy lifestyle can maintain and promote their own health.

A healthy lifestyle mainly includes four aspects: reasonable diet, moderate exercise, smoking cessation, and psychological balance, and these four aspects are also the four cornerstones of a healthy lifestyle. Cultivating and adhering to healthy living habits and behaviors can effectively prevent and control chronic diseases.

1. reasonable diet

Choose your food wisely and improve your nutrition and health to reduce or prevent chronic disease. Eat as many kinds of food as possible every day, mainly cereals, and eat more vegetables, fruits, and potatoes to maintain normal intestinal function, improve immunity, and reduce the risk of obesity, diabetes, hypertension and other chronic diseases. Eat milk, soybeans or their products every day; eat a moderate amount of fish, poultry, eggs and lean meat; reduce cooking oil and eat a light and low-salt diet.

2. moderate exercise

Strengthen physical activity, develop the habit of regular exercise. Physical activity can include housework, transportation, work and leisure time exercise. Active physical activity has many health benefits, including reducing the risk of premature death, reducing the risk of chronic diseases such as high blood pressure and stroke, and also helping Regulates psychological balance, eliminates stress, relieves symptoms such as anxiety and depression, and improves sleep.

3. smoking cessation

Smoking is a major risk factor for the morbidity and mortality of various diseases such as lung cancer, chronic respiratory disease, coronary heart disease, and stroke. Stop smoking for even 20 minutes, and your body can receive corresponding health effects, such as a drop in heart rate, blood pressure and pulse to normal levels. Quitting smoking before the age of 35 can avoid 90% of the heart disease caused by smoking. If you quit smoking before the age of 59, the probability of dying within 15 years is only half that of those who continue to smoke. Even if you quit smoking after the age of 60, the mortality rate of lung cancer is still much lower than those who continue to be a smoker.

4. psychological balance

Mental health is a state of well-adjusted life and the core of health. Mental health and physical health influence each other, promote each other, and cause and affect each other.

American psychologist Maslow proposed 10 criteria for mental health, which are considered to be the most classic criteria:

1. Do you have a sufficient sense of self-security?

2. Do you have a better understanding of yourself and can properly evaluate your abilities?

3. Are your life ideals and goals realistic?

4. Are you in good contact with your surroundings?

5. Can you maintain the integrity and harmony of your personality?

6. Do you have and are good at learning from experience?

7. Can you maintain proper and good interpersonal relationships?

8. Can you express and control your emotions in moderation?

9. Can you express your individuality to a limited extent, subject to the collective permission?

10. Can you adequately meet basic personal needs within the confines of social norms?

Based on this, you can compare yourself and conduct self-diagnosis of mental health. If you find that there is a certain distance between your psychological condition and the mental health standard, you should carry out psychological adjustment and mental exercise in a targeted manner, in order to achieve the level of mental health.